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There is only one LFA-3gene, and the similarity of the messagessuggests that alternative splicing of a single transcript generates the two mRNAs although this has not been formally demonstrated. To test whether the GPI-anchored and transmembrane forms of LFA3 possess unique properties, GPI-anchor deficient cells analogous to PNH hematopoietic progenitor cells were created and tested for susceptibility to CTL-mediatedlysis (150). GPI-anchor deficient cell lines express the transmembrane form of LFA-3 but degrade the precursor for the GPIanchored form.

In contrast, T lymphocytesthat have been stimulated to proliferate culture show strong adhesion to nonantigen bearing cells. This antigenindependent adhesion is due to CD2and LFA-1on T lymphocytes interacting with LFA-3and ICAMson target cells, respectively (15, 28, 35, 36, 102). Althoughit was not clear in the original studies, antigen-independent adhesion requires prior activation of T lymphocytes since this type of spontaneous adhesion is low or absent when resting T lymphocytes are tested (5).

Several other adhesion receptors are membersof the Ig-superfamily including CD4,CD8,the T cell antigen receptor (TCR), VCAM-1 in the immunesystem (see below), and a number of adhesion receptors in the nervous system (45). Antibodies are the best characterized membersof the Ig-superfamity and provide prototypes for interactions of other Ig-like molecules. -strands at one end of a domain; and the combining site is formed by six of these loops from two domains (46). LFA-1 and the Integrin Family Integrins are a family of cell surface heterodimers which participate in diverse cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions (47, 48).

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